Friday, January 24, 2014

>Pericrocotus erythropygius (White-bellied Minivet)

White-bellied Minivet



White-bellied Minivet
at Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India.
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. erythropygius
Binomial name
Pericrocotus erythropygius
(Jerdon, 1840)

at Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India.

Male at Gir National Park, Gujarat, India.
The White-bellied Minivet (Pericrocotus erythropygius) is a species of minivet found in India, mostly in dry deciduous forest.
The species is characterized by stable population trend and extent of occurrence of more than 20 thousand km2.

>Pericrocotus lansbergei (Little Minivet)

Little Minivet



Little Minivet
A pair above a Chestnut-backed Thrush(Geokichla dohertyi)
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. lansbergei
Binomial name
Pericrocotus lansbergei
Büttikofer, 1886
The Little Minivet (Pericrocotus lansbergei), also known as the Flores Minivet, is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It isendemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

>Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)

Fiery Minivet



Fiery Minivet
Conservation status

Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. igneus
Binomial name
Pericrocotus igneus
Blyth, 1846
The Fiery Minivet (Pericrocotus igneus) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia,Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.



Wednesday, January 22, 2014

>Pericrocotus cinnamomeus (Small Minivet)

Small Minivet


Small Minivet
Male P. c. pallidus at Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. cinnamomeus
Binomial name
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Linnaeus, 1766

Male P. c. malabaricus in Shamirpet,Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India
The Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to Indonesia.

Female P. c. malabaricus in Hyderabad, India

Description
The Small Minivet is 16 cm long with a strong dark beak and long wings. The male differs from most other common minivets by having grey, not glossy black, upperparts and head, and orange underparts, fading to yellow on the belly, orange tail edges, rump and wing patches.
The female is grey above, with yellow underparts (including the face), tail edges, rump and wing patches.
There is much racial variation. The male P. c. pallidus of the northwest Indian subcontinent is pale grey above, with the underparts whitish except on the throat and flanks, whereas the male P. c. malabaricus of peninsular and southern India is darker above, has more extensive scarlet below. The female of the southern race is also brighter yellow below.

Behaviour
The Small Minivet is a widespread and common resident breeding bird in thorn jungle and scrub. The nest is a cup-like structure into which two to four spotted eggs are laid and incubated by the female.
This minivet catches insects in trees by flycatching or while perched. The Small Minivet will form small flocks. Its call is a high, thinswee swee swee.

Other views, plumages and races

>Pericrocotus tegimae (Ryukyu Minivet)

Ryukyu Minivet





Ryukyu Minivet
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. tegimae
Binomial name
Pericrocotus tegimae
Stejneger, 1887
The Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is endemic to Japan.












Sunday, December 15, 2013

>Pericrocotus divaricatus (Ashy Minivet)

Ashy Minivet


Ashy Minivet
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. divaricatus
Binomial name
Pericrocotus divaricatus
(Raffles, 1822)
The Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus) is a passerine bird of eastern Asia belonging to the minivet genus Pericrocotus in the cuckoo-shrike family Campephagidae. While most of the minivets have shades of yellow, orange and red in their plumage, this species has only greys, whites and blacks. The male is distinctive with a white face and black nape although females can be confused with the female of the Brown-rumped Minivet. They forage in the canopy, often along with other minivets and join mixed-species foraging flocks.

Description

Patterning of the male
It is 18.5–20 cm long. The male is grey above and whitish below. It has a black cap with a white forehead and there is a white band across the flight-feathers. The outer tail feathers are white. The bill and feet are black. The female's cap is grey apart from a black band between the bill and eye and a narrow white band above it. The call is a high-pitched, metallic trill. It is considered as closely related to Pericrocotus roseus and Pericrocotus cantonensis but differs in moult pattern. It is one of the few passerine birds that moult their primaries twice in a year and is the longest distance migrant among the minivets.
It breeds in south-east Siberia, north-east China, Korea and Japan. Birds in the Ryūkyū Islands of southern Japan are commonly considered to be a separate species—Ryukyu Minivet (P. tegimae). The Ashy Minivet is a long distance migrant, wintering in South and South-east Asia as far south as Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines. It is found in forest as well as in more open areas with scattered trees. It forages in the tree canopy for insects sometimes joining mixed-species foraging flocks.Migrant birds can often be seen in large flocks.
The status of the species is considered to be secure and is considered as a "least concern" species by the IUCN. Populations of the species on the Amami Island was found to have increased from 1985-2001.
In the South Asian region, they are considered rare. They were first noted on the Indian mainland only in 1965 although they had been reported in 1897 from the Andaman Islands. It has since been reported with greater regularity.
Four to seven eggs are laid. These are incubated for 17 to 18 days.




>Pericrocotus cantonensis (Swinhoe's Minivet)

Swinhoe's Minivet


Swinhoe's Minivet
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. cantonensis
Binomial name
Pericrocotus cantonensis
Swinhoe, 1861
Swinhoe's Minivet or Brown-rumped Minivet (Pericrocotus cantonensis) is a species of bird in the cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae. It is found in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

>Pericrocotus roseus (Rosy Minivet)

Rosy Minivet



Rosy Minivet
Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Species:P. roseus
Binomial name
Pericrocotus roseus
(Vieillot, 1818)
The Rosy Minivet (Pericrocotus roseus) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family.Male is distinguished from other minivets by having deep pink/light red shade in wings and tail and female having olive /olive yellow rump as against bright yellow in other minivets.Both male and female are grey above.
Distribution
It is found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos,
Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam.In India, it is found in the Himalayas from west to east to Arunachal Pradesh and hills of Nagaland and Manipur.In winter in peninsula. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

>>Genus Pericrocotus (Minivet)

Genus Pericrocotus (Minivet)



Minivets
Female Scarlet Minivet (P. flammeus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Pericrocotus
Boie, 1826
Species
See text.
The minivets are passerine birds belonging to the genus Pericrocotus in the cuckoo-shrike family Campephagidae. There are about 13 species, occurring mainly in forests in southern and eastern Asia. They are fairly small, slender birds with long tails and an erect posture. Many species have bright red or yellow markings. They feed mainly on insects, foraging in groups in the tree canopy.

Species list
  • Rosy Minivet, Pericrocotus roseus
  • Swinhoe's Minivet or Brown-rumped Minivet, Pericrocotus cantonensis
  • Ashy Minivet, Pericrocotus divaricatus
  • Ryukyu Minivet, Pericrocotus tegimae
  • Small Minivet, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
  • Fiery Minivet, Pericrocotus igneus
  • Little Minivet, Pericrocotus lansbergei
  • White-bellied Minivet, Pericrocotus erythropygius
  • Grey-chinned Minivet, Pericrocotus solaris
  • Long-tailed Minivet, Pericrocotus ethologus
  • Short-billed Minivet, Pericrocotus brevirostris
  • Sunda Minivet, Pericrocotus miniatus
  • Scarlet Minivet, Pericrocotus speciosus
  • Orange Minivet, Pericrocotus flammeus


























Wednesday, December 11, 2013

>Lobotos oriolinus (Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike)

Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike



Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike
Conservation status

Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Lobotos
Species:L. oriolinus
Binomial name
Lobotos oriolinus
(Bates, 1909)
Synonyms
Campephaga oriolina
The Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike or Oriole Cuckooshrike (Lobotos oriolinus) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Nigeria. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.






>Lobotos lobatus (Western Wattled Cuckooshrike)

Western Wattled Cuckooshrike



Western Wattled Cuckooshrike
Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Campephagidae
Genus:Lobotos
Species:L. lobatus
Binomial name
Lobotos lobatus
(Temminck, 1824)
Synonyms
Campephaga lobata
The Western Wattled Cuckooshrike or Ghana Cuckooshrike (Lobotos lobatus) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is found in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.